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If you know this was in your food, would you eat it?

 

Guess how many roaches are in your food each day!

 

When the waiter brings me food I make sure to tell them to not add insect larva or MSG.

 

Insects' "head capsules" are often more durable than their bodies. "This is especially common with larvae and caterpillars, where the body parts are soft and really get messed up" in the milling process. In other words, the bodies are in the food too, they're just not countable.

 

You will be shocked at what the government allows after reading this!

 

INTRODUCTION

Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 110.110 allows the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to establish maximum levels of natural or unavoidable defects in foods for human use that present no health hazard. These "Food Defect Action Levels" listed in this booklet are set on this premise--that they pose no inherent hazard to health.

Poor manufacturing practices may result in enforcement action without regard to the action level. Likewise, the mixing of blending of food with a defect at or above the current defect action level with another lot of the same or another food is not permitted. That practice renders the final food unlawful regardless of the defect level of the finished food.

The FDA set these action levels because it is economically impractical to grow, harvest, or process raw products that are totally free of non-hazardous, naturally occurring, unavoidable defects. Products harmful to consumers are subject to regulatory action whether or not they exceed the action levels.

It is incorrect to assume that because the FDA has an established defect action level for a food commodity, the food manufacturer need only stay just below that level. The defect levels do no represent an average of the defects that occur in any of the products--the averages are actually much lower. The levels represent limits at which FDA will regard the food product "adulterated"; and subject to enforcement action under Section 402(a)(3) of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act.

As technology improves, the FDA may review and change defect action levels on this list. Also, products may be added to the list. The FDA publishes these revisions as Notices in the Federal Register. It is the responsibility of the user of this booklet to stay current with any changes to this list.


PRODUCTS WITHOUT DEFECT LEVELS

If there is no defect action level for a product, or when findings show levels or types of defects that do not appear to fit the action level criteria, FDA evaluates the samples and decides on a case-by-case basis. In this procedure, FDA's technical and regulatory experts in filth and extraneous materials use a variety of criteria, often in combination, in determining the significance and regulatory impact of the findings.

The criteria considered is based on the reported findings (e.g., lengths of hairs, sizes of insect fragments, distribution of filth in the sample, and combinations of filth types found). Moreover, FDA interprets the findings considering available scientific information (e.g., ecology of animal species represented) and the knowledge of how a product is grown, harvested, and processed.


USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES TO ELIMINATE DEFECT LEVELS

It is FDA's position that pesticides are not the alternative to preventing food defects. The use of chemical substances to control insects, rodents and other natural contaminants has little, if any impact on natural and unavoidable defects in foods. The primary use of pesticides in the field is to protect food plants from being ravaged by destructive plant pests (leaf feeders, stem borers, etc.).

A secondary use of pesticides is for cosmetic purposes--to prevent some food products from becoming so severely damaged by pests that it becomes unfit to eat.

 

GLOSSARY
ABUSE Improper handling.
AESTHETIC Offensive to the senses.
CONTAMINATION Addition of foreign material, (e.g., dirt, hair, excreta, non-invasive insects, machinery mold) to a product.
COPEPODS Small free-swimming marine crustaceans, many of which are fish parasites. In some species the females enter the tissues of the host fish and may form pus pockets.
DAMAGE Refers to the condition of the product which shows the evidence of the pest habitation or feeding, (e.g., tunneling, gnawing, egg cases, etc.).
DECOMPOSED Consists of the bacterial breakdown of the normal product tissues and the subsequent enzyme induced chemical changes. These changes are manifested by abnormal odors, taste, texture, color, etc.
DECOMPOSITION METABOLITES Compounds such as histamines and diamines etc.
ECONOMIC ADULTERATION Intentional failure to remove inedible materials from the finished product, or the intentional addition or substitution of cheaper food or ingredient to a product.
EXTRANEOUS MATERIALS Any foreign matter in a product associated with objectionable conditions or practices in production, storage, or distribution. Includes: objectionable matter contributed by insects, rodents, and birds; decomposed material; and miscellaneous matter such as sand, soil, glass, rust, or other foreign substances.
FOREIGN MATTER Includes objectionable matter such as sticks, stones, burlap bagging, cigarette butts, etc. Also includes the valueless parts of the raw plant material, such as stems.
GUMMY A resinous glaze on an almond kernel that is induced by an insect injury or mechanical damage.
HARVEST occurs during the harvesting process.
HISTAMINE A chemical compound formed by the bacterial decomposition of seafood.
INDOLE A chemical compound formed by the bacterial decomposition of seafood.
INFECTION A condition due to the growth of an organism in a host, (e.g., rot or decay, visible mold mycelia).
INFESTATION The presence of any live or dead life cycle stages of insects in a host product, (e.g., weevils in pecans, fly eggs and maggots in tomato products); or evidence of their presence (i.e., excreta, cast skins, chewed product residues, urine, etc.); or the establishment of an active breeding population, (e.g., rodents in a grain silo).
MILDEW Refers to downy mildew which is a fungus infection that causes yellow-brown spots on the leaves of edible greens in the mustard family.
MOLD COUNT Refers to the results of the Howard mold count method which is reported as the percentage of positive microscopic fields that have been scored as either positive or negative based on the presence or absence of a minimum amount of mold hyphae. Performed only on comminuted fruits and vegetables, and some ground spices. The source of the mold hyphae is rotten raw material that is processed along with sound raw material but is no longer visible due to the comminution process.
MOLDY Evidenced by the presence of mold (mold hyphae and/or spore forming structures) that are visible to the unaided eye. Microscopic examination may be used to confirm the presence of characteristic hyphal filaments and fruiting structures.
POST HARVEST
occurs after harvest, for example:
  1. field holding of the harvested crop prior to transit
  2. farm storage of harvested crop
  3. during transit by truck, ship, rail, etc.
  4. at the processing facility, awaiting processing or proper storage


PREHARVEST occurs while product is in the field, during growth or awaiting harvest.
PROCESSING occurs while in the processing facility, in storage or during processing
RANCID A condition where a product has a disagreable odor or taste of decomposed oils or fat. For example, rancid nuts frequently are soft, with a yellow, dark, or oily appearance, a bitter taste and a stale odor.
ROT Plant tissue that is visibly decomposed, usually discolored with disagreeable odors and taste. The plant tissue has been invaded and is being digested by microorganisms. Although rot can also be caused by bacteria and yeasts, these organisms are secondary invaders. Molds are the primary organisms of decomposition and the presence of mold hyphae in the tissue is used to confirm rot.
SHRIVELED A condition where the nut kernel is shrunken and not fully developed, commonly a result of climatic stress or infection by certain molds.
SIGNIFICANCE OF DEFECT Refers to the real or potential impact on the consumer due to the presence of a particular defect. A listed defect can have more than one significance to the consumer (e.g., the mold defect of whole cassia has an aesthetic significance, whereas the mold defect of green coffee beans has a potential health hazard significance due to the threat of mold toxins produced by the mold species known to infect coffee beans).
SOUR In fruits, consists of the bacterial breakdown of the product and the formation of lactic acid and subsequent sour taste.
WATER INSOLUBLE INORGANIC MATTER A contaminant of the finished product that consists of fine grit that originates from the sand, dirt, and stones that contaminate the raw agricultural product at the time of harvest.
WHOLE OR EQUIVALENT INSECT A whole insect, separate head, or body portions with head attached.
WORTHLESS Any condition where the product has been affected by organisms or the environment that it has no food value.

 

COMMODITIES AND DEFECT ACTION LEVELS

Product DEFECT
(Method) Action Level

ALLSPICE, GROUND Insect Filth
(AOAC 981.21)
Average of 30 or more insect fragments per 10 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 981.21)
Average of 1 or more rodent hairs per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - pre/post harvest and processing insect infestation. Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

ALLSPICE, WHOLE Mold
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more berries by weight are moldy

DEFECT SOURCE: : Preharvest and/or post harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Potential health hazard - may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

 

APPLE BUTTER Mold
(AOAC 975.51)
Average of mold count is 12% or more
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 945.76)
Average of 4 or more rodent hairs per 100 grams of apple butter
  Insects
(AOAC 945.76)
Average of 5 or more whole or equivalent insects (not counting mites, aphids, thrips, or scale insects) per 100 grams of apple butter

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - post harvest infection. Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair. Whole or equivalent insects - preharvest, and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation,
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

APRICOTS, CANNED Insect filth
(MPM-V51)
Average of 2% or more by count has been damaged or infected by insects

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

ASPARAGUS, CANNED OR FROZEN Insect filth
(MPM-V93)
10% by count of spears or pieces are infested with 6 or more attached asparagus beetle eggs and/or sacs
  Insects
(MPM-V93)
Asparagus contains an average of 40 or more thrips per 100 grams
OR
Insects (whole or equivalent) of 3mm or longer have an average aggregate length of 7mm or longer per 100 grams of asparagus

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

BAY (LAUREL) LEAVES Mold
(MPM-V32) *
Average of 5% or more pieces by weight are moldy
  Insect filth
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more pieces by weight are insect-infested
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 1 mg or more mammalian excreta per pound after processing

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - preharvest infection. Insect infestation - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation. Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

BEETS, CANNED Rot Average of 5% or more pieces by weight with dry rot

DEFECT SOURCE: Preharvest mold infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

BERRIES
Drupelet, Canned and Frozen (blackberries, raspberries, etc.) Mold
(AOAC 955.47)
Average mold count is 60% or more
  Insects and larvae
(AOAC 981.20)
Average of 4 or more larvae per 500 grams
OR
Average of 10 or more whole insects or equivalent per 500 grams (excluding thrips, aphids and mites)

DEFECT SOURCE: Insects and larvae - preharvest insect infestation. Mold - post harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

Lingon, Canned (European cranberry) Insect larvae
(MPM-V64)
Average of 3 or more larvae per pound in a minimum of 12 subsamples

DEFECT SOURCE: Insects-pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

Multer, Canned Insects
(MPM-V64)
Average of 40 or more thrips per No.2 can in all subsamples and 20% of subsamples are materially infested

DEFECT SOURCE: Insects-pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

BROCCOLI, FROZEN Insects and mites
(AOAC 945.82)
Average of 60 or more aphids and/or thrips and/or mites per 100 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

BRUSSELS SPROUTS, FROZEN Insects
(MPM-V95)
Average of 30 or more aphids and/or thrips per 100 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CAPSICUM:    
Pods Insect filth and/or mold
(MPM-V32)
Average of more than 3% of pods by weight are insect-infested and/or moldy
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of more than 1mg mammalian excreta per pound

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - preharvest and/or post harvest insect infestation. Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest infection, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - mold may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

Ground Capsicum (excluding paprika) Mold
(AOAC 945.94)
Average mold count is more than 20%
  Insect filth
(AOAC 978.22)
Average of more than 50 insect fragments per 25 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 978.22)
Average of more than 6 rodent hairs per 25 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - pre-harvest and/or post harvest mold infection. Insect fragments - pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation. Rodent hair - pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Mold may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

Ground Paprika Mold
(AOAC 945.94)
Average mold count is more than 20%
  Insect filth
(AOAC 977.25B)
Average of more than 75 insect fragments per 25 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 977.25B)
Average of more than 11 rodent hairs per 25 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - pre and/or post harvest mold infection. Insect fragments - pre and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation. Rodent hair - pre and/or post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - mold may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

 

CASSIA (OR) CINNAMON BARK, WHOLE Mold
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more pieces by weight are moldy
  Insect filth
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more pieces by weight are insect-infested
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 1 mg or more mammalian excreta per pound

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - post harvest mold infection. Insect infestation - post harvest and/or processing. Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination.
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CINNAMON, GROUND Insect filth
(AOAC 968.38b)
Average of 400 or more insect fragments per 50 gram
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 968.38b)
Average of 11 or more rodent hairs per 50 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - post harvest and/or processing insect infestation. Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CHERRIES    
Brined and Maraschino Insect filth
(MPM-V48)
Average of 5% or more pieces are rejects due to maggots

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

Fresh, Canned, or Frozen Rot
(MPM-V48)
Average of 7% or more pieces are rejects due to rot
  Insect filth
(MPM-V48)
Average of 4% or more pieces are rejects due to insects other than maggots

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect reject - Pre-harvest and/or post harvest insect infestation, Rot reject - pre-harvest mold infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CHERRY JAM Mold
(MPM-V61)
Average mold count is 30% or more

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest mold infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CHOCOLATE AND CHOCOLATE LIQUOR Insect filth
(AOAC 965.38)
Average is 60 or more insect fragments per 100 grams when 6 100-gram subsamples are examined
OR
Any 1 subsample contains 90 or more insect fragments
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 965.38)
Average is 1 or more rodent hairs per 100 grams in 6 100-gram subsamples examined
OR
Any 1 subsample contains 3 or more rodent hairs
  Shell
(AOAC 968.10-970.23)
For chocolate liquor, if the shell is in excess of 2% calculated on the basis of alkali-free nibs

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta, Shell - processing contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CITRUS FRUIT JUICES, CANNED Mold
(AOAC 970.75)
Average mold count is 10% or more
  Insects and insect eggs
(AOAC 970.72)
5 or more Drosophila and other fly eggs per 250 ml or 1 or more maggots per 250 ml

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - processing contamination, Fly eggs and/or maggots - post harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CLOVES Stems
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more stems by weight

DEFECT SOURCE: Harvest
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, economic adulteration

 

COCOA BEANS Mold
(MPM-V18)
More than 4% of beans by count are moldy
  Insect filth
(MPM-V18)
More than 4% of beans by count are insect-infested including insect-damaged
  Insect filth and/or mold More than 6% of beans by count are insect-infested or moldy
NOTE: Level differs when both filth and mold are present
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V18)
Average of 10 mg or more mammalian excreta per pound

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - post harvest infection, Insect infested/damaged - post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

 

COCOA POWDER PRESS CAKE Insect filth
(AOAC 965.38)
Average of 75 or more insect fragments per subsample of 50 grams when 6 subsamples are examined
OR
Any 1 subsample contains 125 or more insect fragments
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 965.38)
Average in 6 or more subsamples is 2 or more rodent hairs per subsample of 50 grams
OR
Any 1 subsample contains 4 or more rodent hairs
  Shell
(AOAC 968.10-970.23)
2% or more shell calculated on the basis of alkali-free nibs.

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta, Shell - processing contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

COFFEE BEANS, GRADED GREEN Grade defects
(MPM-V6)
Beans are poorer than Grade 8 of the New York Green Coffee Association

DEFECT SOURCE: Quality - processing
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, economic adulteration

 

COFFEE BEANS, GREEN Insect filth and insects
(MPM-V1)
Average 10% or more by count are insect-infested or insect-damaged
Note:
If live external infestation is present use the Compliance Policy Guide (CPG) titled "Food Storage and Warehousing-Adulteration-Filth" (CPG 580.100) in accordance with "Interpretation of Insect Filth" (CPG 555.600)
  Mold
(MPM-V1)
Average of 10% or more beans by count are moldy

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested/damaged - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Mold - post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - mold may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

 

CONDIMENTAL SEEDS OTHER THAN FENNEL SEEDS AND SESAME SEEDS Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 3 mg or more of mammalian excreta per pound

DEFECT SOURCE: Post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CORN: SWEET CORN, CANNED Insect larvae
(AOAC 973.61)
Insect larvae (corn ear worms, corn borers) 2 or more 3mm or longer larvae, cast skins, larval or cast skin fragments of corn ear worms or corn borer and the aggregate length of such larvae, cast skins, larval or cast skin fragments exceeds 12 mm in 24 pounds (24 No. 303 cans or equivalent)

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CORN HUSKS FOR TAMALES Insect filth
(MPM-V115)
Average of 5 % or more husks by weight are insect-infested (including insect-damaged)
  Mold
(MPM-V115)
Average of 5% or more husks by weight are moldy

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - preharvest and/or processing insect infestation, Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CORNMEAL Insects
(AOAC 981.19)
Average of 1 or more whole insects (or equivalent) per 50 grams
  Insect filth
(AOAC 981.19)
Average of 25 or more insect fragments per 25 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 981.19)
Average of 1 or more rodent hairs per 25 grams
OR
Average of 1 or more rodent excreta fragment per 50 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insects and insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair and excreta fragments - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CRANBERRY SAUCE Mold
(AOAC 970.76)
Average mold count is more than 15%
OR
The mold count of any 1 subsample is more than 50%

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CUMIN SEED Sand and grit
(AOAC 975.48)
Average of 9.5% or more ash and/or 1.5% or more acid insoluble ash

DEFECT SOURCE: Harvest contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CURRANT JAM, BLACK Mold
(MPM-V61)
Average mold count is 75% or more

DEFECT SOURCE: Post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CURRANTS Insect filth
(MPM-V53)
5% or more, by count, wormy in the average of the subsamples

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

CURRY POWDER Insect filth
(AOAC 975.48)
Average of 100 or more insect fragments per 25 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 975.48)
Average of 4 or more rodent hairs per 25 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

Product

DEFECT
(Method)

Action Level

 

DATE MATERIAL (CHOPPED, SLICED, (OR) MACERATED) Insects
(MPM-V53)
10 or more dead insects (whole or equivalent) in 1 or more subsamples
OR
5 or more dead insects (whole or equivalent) per 100 grams
  Pits
(MPM-V53)
2 or more pits and/or pit fragments 2 mm or longer measured in the longest dimension per 900 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insects - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Pits - processing
SIGNIFICANCE: Insects - Aesthetic, Pits - mouth/tooth injury

 

DATES, PITTED Multiple
(MPM-V53)
Average of 5% or more dates by count are rejects (moldy, dead insects, insect excreta, sour, dirty, and/or worthless) as determined by macroscopic sequential examination
  Pits
(MPM-V53)
Average of 2 or more pits and/or pit fragments 2 mm or longer in the longest dimension per 100 dates

DEFECT SOURCE: Insects, insect excreta, & mold - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing, Sour & worthless - preharvest, Dirt - harvest contamination, Pits - processing
SIGNIFICANCE: Insects, insect excreta, mold, sour & worthless, dirt - Aesthetic, Pits - mouth/tooth injury

 

DATES, WHOLE Multiple
(MPM-V53)
Average of 5% or more dates by count are rejects (moldy, dead insects, insect excreta, sour, dirty, and/or worthless) as determined by macroscopic sequential examination

DEFECT SOURCE: Insects, insect excreta, & mold - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing, Sour & worthless - preharvest, Dirt - harvest contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

EGGS AND OTHER EGG PRODUCTS, FROZEN Decomposition
(AOAC 939.14, 940.36, 940.37)
2 or more cans decomposed and at least 2 subsamples from decomposed cans have direct microscopic counts of 5 million or more bacteria per gram

DEFECT SOURCE: Processing (incubator rejects)
SIGNIFICANCE: Economic

 

FENNEL SEED Insects
(MPM-V32)
20% or more of subsamples contain insects
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
20% or more of subsamples contain mammalian excreta
OR
average of more than 3 mg of mammalian excreta per pound

DEFECT SOURCE: Insects - preharvest and/or post harvest insect infestation, Excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

FIG PASTE Insects
(AOAC 964.23)
Contains 13 or more insect heads per 100 grams of fig paste in each of 2 or more subsamples

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

FIGS Insect filth and/or mold and/or dirty fruit or pieces of fruit
(MPM-V53)
Average of 10% or more by count are insect-infested and/or moldy and/or dirty fruit or pieces of fruit

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - Pre-harvest and/or post harvest infestation, Moldy - preharvest infection. Dirt - harvest contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

 

Tullibees, Ciscoes, Inconnus, Chubs, and Whitefish Parasites (cysts)
(MPM-V28)
50 parasitic cysts per 100 pounds (whole or fillets), provided that 20% of the fish examined are infested

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

Blue Fin and other Fresh Water Herring Parasites (cysts)
(MPM-V28)
60 parasitic cysts per 100 fish (fish averaging 1 pound or less) or 100 pounds of fish averaging over 1 pound), provided that 20% of the fish examined are infested

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

Red Fish and Ocean Perch Parasites (copepods)
(MPM-V28)
3 % of the fillets examined contain 1 or more copepods accompanied by pus pockets

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

GINGER, WHOLE Insect filth and/or mold
(MPM-V32)
Average of 3% or more pieces by weight are insect-infested and/or moldy
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 3 mg or more of mammalian excreta per pound

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infestation - post harvest and/or processing, Mold - post harvest and/or processing infection, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

 

GREENS, CANNED Mildew
(AOAC 967.23)
Average of 10% or more of leaves, by count or weight, showing mildew over 1/2" in diameter

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

HOPS Insects
(AOAC 967.23)
Average of more than 2,500 aphids per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

MACARONI AND NOODLE PRODUCTS Insect filth
(AOAC 969.41)
Average of 225 insect fragments or more per 225 grams in 6 or more subsamples
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 969.41)
Average of 4.5 rodent hairs or more per 225 grams in 6 or more subsamples

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infestation. Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

MACE Insect filth and/or mold
(MPM-V32)
Average of 3% or more pieces by weight are insect-infested and/or moldy
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 3 mg or more of mammalian excreta per pound
  Foreign matter
(MPM-V32)
Average of 1.5% or more of foreign matter through a 20-mesh sieve

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infestation - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing. Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest infection, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination, Foreign matter - post harvest contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

MARJORAM, WHOLE PLANT, UNPROCESSED Insect filth and/or mold
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more pieces by weight are insect-infested or moldy
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 1 mg or more mammalian excreta per pound

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infestation - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing, Mold - post harvest and/or processing infection, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

MARJORAM, GROUND Insect filth
(AOAC 975.49)
Average of 1175 or more insect fragments per 10 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 975.49)
Average of 8 or more rodent hairs per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

MARJORAM, UNGROUND Insect filth
(AOAC 985.39)
Average of 250 or more insect fragments per 10 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 985.39)
Average of 2 or more rodent hairs per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

MUSHROOMS, CANNED AND DRIED Insects
(AOAC 967.24)
Average of over 20 or more maggots of any size per 100 grams of drained mushrooms and proportionate liquid or 15 grams of dried mushrooms
OR
Average of 5 or more maggots 2 mm or longer per 100 grams of drained mushrooms and proportionate liquid or 15 grams of dried mushrooms
  Mites
(AOAC 967.24)
Average of 75 mites per 100 grams drained mushrooms and proportionate liquid or 15 grams of dried mushrooms
  Decomposition
(MPM-V100)
Average of more than 10% of mushrooms are decomposed

DEFECT SOURCE: Insects - preharvest insect infestation, Mites - preharvest and/or post harvest infestation, Decomposition - preharvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

NECTARS, APRICOT, PEACH AND PEAR Mold Average mold count is 12% or more

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

NUTMEG, WHOLE Insect filth and/or mold
(MPM-V41)
Average of 10% or more pieces by count are insect-infested and/or moldy

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infestation - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing, Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

 

NUTMEG, GROUND Insect filth
(AOAC 979.26)
Average of 100 or more insect fragments per 10 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 979.26)
Average of 1 or more rodent hairs per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

NUTS, TREE Multiple Defects
(MPM-V81)
Reject nuts (insect-infested, rancid, moldy, gummy, and shriveled or empty shells) as determined by macroscopic examination at or in excess of the following levels:


NUT TYPE UNSHELLED % SHELLED %
Almonds 5 5
Brazils 10 5
Cashew -- 5
Green Chestnuts 15 --
Baked Chestnuts 10 --
Dried Chestnuts -- 5
Filberts 10 5
Lichee Nuts 5 --
Pecans 10 5
Pili Nuts 15 10
Pistachios 10 5
Walnuts 10 5

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing, Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection, Gummy & shriveled - preharvest physiological condition, Rancidity - post harvest
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

Product

DEFECT
(Method)

Action Level

 

OLIVES:    
Pitted olives Pits
(MPM-V67)
Average of 1.3 percent or more by count of olives with whole pits and/or pit fragments 2 mm or longer measured in the longest dimension

DEFECT SOURCE: Processing
SIGNIFICANCE: Mouth/tooth injury

Imported Green olives Insect damage
(MPM-V67)
7% or more olives by count showing damage by olive fruit fly

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

Salad olives Pits
(MPM-V67)
Average of 1.3 or more olives by count of olives with whole pits and/or pit fragments 2 mm or longer measured in the longest dimension
  Insect damage
(MPM-V67)
9% or more olives by weight showing damage by olive fruit fly

DEFECT SOURCE: Pits - processing, Insect damage - preharvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Pits - mouth/tooth injury, Insect damage - Aesthetic

Salt-cured olives Insects
(MPM-V67)
Average of 10% or more olives by count with 10 or more scale insects each
  Mold
(MPM-V67)
Average of 25% or more olives by count are moldy

DEFECT SOURCE: Scale insects - preharvest infestation, Mold - post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

Imported Black olives Insect damage
(MPM-V67)
10% or more olives by count showing damage by olive fruit fly

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

OREGANO, WHOLE PLANT, UNPROCESSED Insect filth and/or mold weight
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more insect infested and/or moldy pieces by weight
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 1 mg or more mammalian excreta per pound

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing, Mold - post harvest and/or processing infection, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

OREGANO, GROUND Insect filth
(AOAC 975.49)
Average of 1250 or more insect fragments per 10 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 975.49)
Average of 5 or more rodent hairs per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

OREGANO, CRUSHED Insect filth
(AOAC 969.44)
Average of 300 or more insect fragments per 10 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 969.44)
Average of 2 or more rodent hairs per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PEACHES, CANNED AND FROZEN Mold/Insect damage
(MPM-V51)
Average of 3% or more fruit by count are wormy or moldy
  Insects
(MPM-V51)
In 12 1-pound cans or equivalent, one or more larvae and/or larval fragments whose aggregate length exceeds 5 mm

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest infection, Insect damage - preharvest insect infestation, Larvae - preharvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PEANUT BUTTER Insect filth
(AOAC 968.35)
Average of 30 or more insect fragments per 100 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 968.35)
Average of 1 or more rodent hairs per 100 grams
  Grit
(AOAC 968.35)
Gritty taste and water insoluble inorganic residue is more than 25 mg per 100 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta, Grit - harvest contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PEANUTS, SHELLED Multiple defects
(MPM-V89)
Average of 5% or more kernels by count are rejects (insect-infested, moldy, rancid, otherwise decomposed, and dirty)
  Insects
(MPM-V89)
Average of 20 or more whole insects or equivalent in 100-pound bag siftings

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - post harvest and/or processing infestation, Moldy - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection, Rancid & decomposed - post harvest abuse, Dirty - harvest contamination.
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

 

PEANUTS, UNSHELLED Multiple defects
(MPM-V89)
Average of 10% or more peanuts by count are rejects (insect- infested, moldy, rancid, otherwise decomposed, and dirty)

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - post harvest and/or processing infestation, Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection, Rancid & decomposed - post harvest abuse
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - may contain mycotoxin producing fungi

 

PEAS: BLACK-EYED, COWPEAS, FIELD PEAS, DRIED Insect damage
(MPM-V104)
Average of 10% or more by count of class 6 damage or higher in minimum of 12 subsamples

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PEAS, COWPEAS, BLACK-EYED PEAS (SUCCULENT), CANNED Insect larvae
(MPM-V104)
Average of 5 or more cowpea curculio larvae or the equivalent per No. 2 can

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PEAS AND BEANS, DRIED Insect filth
(MPM-V104)
Average of 5% or more by count insect-infested and/or insect-damaged by storage insects in a minimum of 12 subsamples

DEFECT SOURCE: preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PEPPER, WHOLE (BLACK & WHITE) Insect filth and/or insect-mold
(MPM-V39)
Average of 1% or more pieces by weight are infested and/or moldy
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V39)
Average of 1 mg or more mammalian excreta per pound
  Foreign matter
(MPM-V39)
Average of 1% or more pickings and siftings by weight

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - post harvest and/or processing infestation, Moldy - post harvest and/or processing infection, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination, Foreign material - post harvest contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic, Potential health hazard - mammalian excreta may contain salmonella

 

PEPPER, GROUND Insect filth
(AOAC 972.40)
Average of 475 or more insect fragments per 50 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 972.40)
Average of 2 or more rodent hairs per 50 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PINEAPPLE, CANNED Mold
(AOAC 970.75, MPM-V73)
Average mold count is 20% or more
OR
The mold count of any 1 subsample is 60% or more

DEFECT SOURCE: Processing mold contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PINEAPPLE JUICE Mold
(AOAC 970.75)
Average mold count is 15% or more
OR
The mold count of any 1 subsample is 40% or more

DEFECT SOURCE: Processing mold contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PLUMS, CANNED Rot
(MPM-V51)
Average of 5% or more plums by count with rot spots larger than the area of a circle 12 mm in diameter

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

POPCORN Rodent filth
(AOAC 950.91)
1 or more rodent excreta pellets are found in 1 or more subsamples, and 1 or more rodent hairs are found in 2 or more other subsamples
OR
2 or more rodent hairs per pound and rodent hair is found in 50% or more of the subsamples
OR
20 or more gnawed grains per pound and rodent hair is found in 50% or more of the subsamples
  Field corn 5% or more by weight of field corn

DEFECT SOURCE: Rodent excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta, Rodent gnawing - post harvest and/or processing damage, Field corn - harvest contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

POTATO CHIPS Rot
(MPM-V113)
Average of 6% or more pieces by weight contain rot

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PRUNES DRIED AND DEHYDRATED, LOW-MOISTURE Multiple defects
(MPM-V53)
Average of a minimum of 10 subsamples is 5% or more prunes by count are rejects (insect-infested, moldy or decomposed, dirty, and/or otherwise unfit )

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - preharvest infestation, Moldy & decomposed - preharvest infection, Dirty - harvest contamination, Otherwise unfit - preharvest condition
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PRUNES, PITTED Pits
(MPM-V53)
Average of 2% or more by count with whole pits and/or pit fragments 2 mm or longer and 4 or more of 10 subsamples of pitted prunes have 2% or more by count with whole pits and/or pit fragments 2 mm or longer

DEFECT SOURCE: Processing
SIGNIFICANCE: Mouth/tooth injury

 

PUREE, APRICOT, PEACH AND PEAR Mold
(AOAC 982.33)
Average mold count is 12% or more

DEFECT SOURCE: preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

Product

DEFECT
(Method)

Action Level

 

RAISINS, NATURAL & GOLDEN Mold
(MPM-V76)
Average of 10 subsamples is 5% or more, by count, moldy raisins
  Sand and Grit
(MPM-V76)
Average of 40 mg or more of sand and grit per 100 grams of natural or golden bleached raisins

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - post harvest and/or processing infection, Sand - post harvest contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

RAISINS, GOLDEN Insects and insect eggs
(AOAC 969.42 & MPM-V76)
10 or more whole or equivalent insects and 35 Drosophila eggs per 8 oz.

DEFECT SOURCE: Post harvest and/or processing infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

SAGE, WHOLE PLANT, UNPROCESSED Insect filth
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more pieces by weight are insect infested
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 1 mg or more per pound after processing

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infestation, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

SAGE, GROUND Insect filth
(AOAC 985.38)
Average of 200 or more insect fragments per 10 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 985.38)
Average of 9 or more rodent hairs per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

SAUERKRAUT Insects
(AOAC 955.45)
Average of more than 50 thrips per 100 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

SESAME SEEDS Insect filth
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more seeds by weight are insect-infested or damaged
  Mold
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more seeds by weight are decomposed
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5 mg or more mammalian excreta per found
  Foreign matter
(MPM-V32)
Average of 0.5% or more foreign matter by weight

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infestation, Mold - preharvest infection, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination, Foreign matter - post processing and/or processing contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

SPICES, LEAFY, OTHER THAN BAY LEAVES Insect filth and/or mold
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more pieces by weight are insect-infested and/or moldy
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 1 mg or more of Mammalian excreta per pound after processing

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infestation, Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

SPINACH, CANNED OR FROZEN Insects and mites
(AOAC 974.33)
Average of 50 or more aphids, thrips and/or mites per 100 grams
OR
2 or more 3 mm or longer larvae and/or larval fragments or spinach worms (caterpillars) whose aggregate length exceeds 12 mm are present in 24 pounds
OR
Leaf miners of any size average 8 or more per 100 grams or leaf miners 3 mm or longer average 4 or more per 100 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

STRAWBERRIES: FROZEN WHOLE OR SLICED Mold
(AOAC 952.22)
Average mold count of 45% or more and mold count of at least half of the subsamples is 55% or more
  Grit Berries taste gritty

DEFECT SOURCE: Mold - post harvest and/or processing infection, Grit - harvest contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

THYME, WHOLE PLANT, UNPROCESSED Insect filth
(MPM-V32)
Average of 5% or more pieces by weight are insect infested and/or moldy
  Mammalian excreta
(MPM-V32)
Average of 1 mg or more mammalian excreta per pound after processing

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect infested - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infestation, Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection, Mammalian excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

THYME, GROUND Insect filth
(AOAC 975.49)
Average of 925 or more insect fragments per 10 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 975.49)
Average of 2 or more rodent hairs per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infestation Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

THYME, UNGROUND, PROCESSED Insect filth
(AOAC 975.49)
Average of 325 insect fragments or more per 10 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 975.49)
Average of 2 rodent hairs or more per 10 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATOES, CANNED Drosophila fly
(AOAC 955.46)
Average of 10 or more fly eggs per 500 grams
OR
5 or more fly eggs and 1 or more maggots per 500 grams
OR
2 or more maggots per 500 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATOES, CANNED, WITH (OR) WITHOUT JUICE (BASED ON DRAINED JUICE) Mold
(AOAC 945.90)
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 15% or more and the counts of all of the subsamples are more than 12%

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATOES, CANNED PACKED IN TOMATO PUREE (BASED ON DRAINED LIQUID) Mold
(AOAC 945.90)
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 29% or more and the counts of all of the subsamples are more than 25%

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATO JUICE Drosophila fly
(AOAC 955.46)
Average of 10 or more fly eggs per 100 grams
OR
5 or more fly eggs and 1 or more maggots per 100 grams
OR
2 or more maggots per 100 grams, in a minimum of 12 subsamples
  Mold
(AOAC 965.41)
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 24% or more and the counts of all of the subsamples are more than 20%

DEFECT SOURCE: Fly eggs & maggots - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Mold - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATO PASTE, PIZZA AND OTHER SAUCES Drosophila fly
(AOAC 955.46)
Average of 30 or more fly eggs per 100 grams
OR
15 or more fly eggs and 1 or more maggots per 100 grams
OR
2 or more maggots per 100 grams in a minimum of 12 subsamples

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATO PUREE Drosophila fly
(AOAC 955.46)
Average of 20 or more fly eggs per 100 grams
OR
10 or more fly eggs and 1 or more maggots per 100 grams
OR
2 or more maggots per 100 grams in a minimum of 12 subsamples

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATO PASTE (OR) PUREE Mold
(AOAC 965.41 ** )
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 45% or more and the mold counts of all of the subsamples are more than 40%

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

PIZZA AND OTHER TOMATO SAUCES Mold
(AOAC 945.92)
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 34% or more and the counts of all of the subsamples are more than 30%

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATO SAUCE, UNDILUTED Mold
(AOAC 965.41)
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 45% or more and the mold counts of all of the subsamples are more than 40%

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATO CATSUP Mold
(AOAC 965.41)
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 55% or more

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATO POWDER, EXCEPT SPRAY-DRIED Mold
(AOAC 972.42)
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 45% or more and the mold counts of all of the subsamples are mold than 40%

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and /or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATO POWDER, SPRAY-DRIED Mold
(AOAC 972.42)
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 67% or more

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

TOMATO SOUP AND TOMATO PRODUCTS Mold
(AOAC 945.91)
Average mold count in 6 subsamples is 45% or more and the mold counts of all of the subsamples are more than 40%

DEFECT SOURCE: Pre-harvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infection
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

WHEAT Insect damage
(MPM-V15)
Average of 32 or more insect-damaged kernels per 100 grams
  Rodent filth
(MPM-V15)
Average of 9 mg or more rodent excreta pellets and/or pellet fragments per kilogram

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect damage - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing infestation, Excreta - post harvest and/or processing animal contamination.
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

WHEAT FLOUR Insect filth
(AOAC 972.32)
Average of 75 or more insect fragments per 50 grams
  Rodent filth
(AOAC 972.32)
Average of 1 or more rodent hairs per 50 grams

DEFECT SOURCE: Insect fragments - preharvest and/or post harvest and/or processing insect infestation, Rodent hair - post harvest and/or processing contamination with animal hair or excreta.
SIGNIFICANCE: Aesthetic

 

This makes me wonder where alot of the protein comes from in processed foods.

 

CRICKETS
Nutrition
Facts
Serv. Size 100 grams
Calories 562
  Fat Cal. 49.5
*Percent Daily Values(DV) are
based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
Amount/Serving %DV* Amount/Serving %DV*
 
Total Fat 5.5 g 11% Total Carb. 0 g 0%
  Sat Fat n/a g n/a%   Fiber n/a g n/a%
Cholest. n/a mg n/a %  Sugars 0 g n/a%
Sodium n/a mg n/a% Protein 6.7g 13%
Potassium n/a mg n/a%    
 
Vitamin A n/a% - Vitamin C 0% - Calcium 9% - Iron 63%

TERMITES
Nutrition
Facts
Serv. Size 100 grams
Calories 613
  Fat Cal. N/A
*Percent Daily Values(DV) are
based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
Amount/Serving %DV* Amount/Serving %DV*
 
Total Fat n/a g n/a % Total Carb.0 g 0%
  Sat Fat n/a g n/a %  Fiber n/a g n/a %
Cholest. n/a mg n/a %  Sugars 0 g 0%
Sodium n/a mg n/a % Protein 14.2g 28%
Potassium n/a mg n/a %    
 
Vitamin A 0% - Vitamin C 0% - Calcium 5% - Iron n/a% (35.5mg)

CATERPILLARS
Nutrition
Facts
Serv. Size 100 grams
Calories 370
 Fat Cal. 50.4
*Percent Daily Values(DV) are
based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
Amount/Serving %DV* Amount/Serving %DV*
 
Total Fat n/a g n/a % Total Carb. 0 g 0%
  Sat Fat n/a g n/a%   Fiber n/a g n/a%
Cholest. n/a mg n/a %   Sugars 0 g 0%
Sodium n/a mg n/a% Protein 28.2g 56%
Potassium n/a mg n/a%    
 
Vitamin A 0% - Vitamin C 0% - Calcium n/a% - Iron n/a%

LARGE GRASSHOPPERS
Nutrition
Facts
Serv. Size 100 grams
Calories n/a
  Fat Cal. 30
*Percent Daily Values(DV) are
based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
Amount/Serving %DV* Amount/Serving %DV*
 
Total Fat 3.3 g 5% Total Carb. 0 g 0%
  Sat Fat n/a g n/a%   Fiber n/a g n/a%
Cholest. n/a mg n/a %  Sugars 0 g n/a%
Sodium n/a mg n/a% Protein 14.3g 29%
Potassium n/a mg n/a%    
 
Vitamin A n/a% - Vitamin C 0% - Calcium 3% - Iron 20%

VERY LARGE SPIDERS (Important: REMOVE FANGS!!!)
Nutrition
Facts
Serv. Size 100 grams
Calories n/a
  Fat Cal. 90
*Percent Daily Values(DV) are
based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
Amount/Serving %DV* Amount/Serving %DV*
 
Total Fat 10 g 16% Total Carb. 0 g 0%
  Sat Fat n/a g n/a%   Fiber n/a g n/a%
Cholest. n/a mg n/a %  Sugars 0 g n/a%
Sodium n/a mg n/a% Protein 63 g 126%
Potassium n/a mg n/a%    
 
Vitamin A n/a% - Vitamin C 0% - Calcium n/a% - Iron n/a%